Signs & Symptoms of Dyslexia
Dyslexia—also referred to as language-learning disabilities or reading disabilities—accounts for approximately 80% of all diagnosed learning disabilities. Although some children with dyslexia have difficulty acquiring spoken language, more often the problem is in learning to read, write, spell or do math. Dyslexia is in part the result of inefficient phonological processing—the ability to sort out, analyze, and sequence sounds heard in spoken language.
People with dyslexia may also have problems with recalling specific words and word sequences (days of the week, months of the year, etc), organizing thoughts, memorizing information, understanding intended (rather than literal) meaning, and reversing letters and numbers.
Dyslexia is frequently accompanied by significant strengths in reasoning and problem-solving skills, as well as visual-spatial and motor skills necessary to excel in the fine arts, performing arts and athletics, engineering and science.
Suspect a language-learning disability if your child has difficulty in several of these areas over time:
- Learning numbers or the alphabet
- Rhyming words
- Remembering colors
- Sounding out words
- Persistent reading or spelling errors
- Reversing numbers or letters
- Remembering facts (including math facts)
- Misunderstanding arithmetic signs
- Reading comprehension
- Written expression or spelling
- Understanding word problems
- Organizing, planning or managing time
- Completing or handing in assignments
- Concentrating or paying attention
- Reading fluency and comprehension
- Organizing and expanding ideas in written expression
- Remembering and retrieving detailed information
- Comprehending more complex information
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