2015 Youth Achievement Award

Examples of
Accommodations & Modifications

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By Eve Kessler, Esq.

Program accommodations and modifications are available to children who receive services
under IDEA or Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act

General Accommodations:
Large print textbooks Books on tape
Textbooks for at-home use Graphic organizers
Additional time for assignments Quiet corner or room to calm down and relax when anxious
A locker with adapted lock Preferential seating
Review of directions Alteration of the classroom arrangement
Review sessions Reduction of distractions
Use of mnemonics Answers to be dictated
Have student restate information Hands-on activities
Provision of notes or outlines Use of manipulatives
Concrete examples No penalty for spelling errors or sloppy handwriting
Adaptive writing utensils Follow a routine/schedule
Support auditory presentations with visuals Alternate quiet and active time
Use of a study carrel Teach time management skills
Assistance in maintaining uncluttered space Rest breaks
Weekly home-school communication tools (notebook, daily log, phone calls or email messages) Verbal and visual cues regarding directions and staying on task
Peer or scribe note-taking Agenda book and checklists
Space for movement or breaks Daily check-in with case manager or special education teacher
Study sheets and teacher outlines Adjusted assignment timelines
Extra visual and verbal cues and prompts Visual daily schedule
Lab and math sheets with highlighted instructions Varied reinforcement procedures
Graph paper to assist in organizing or lining up math problems Immediate feedback
Use of tape recorder for lectures Work-in-progress check
Use of computers and calculators Personalized examples

Testing and Assessment Accommodations:
Answers to be dictated Read test and directions to student
Frequent rest breaks Provide study guides prior to tests
Additional time Highlight key directions
Oral testing Test in alternative site
Untimed tests Use of calculator or word processor
Choice of test format (multiple-choice, essay, true-false) Extra credit option
Alternate ways to evaluate (projects or oral presentations instead of written tests) Pace long-term projects
Accept short answers Preview test procedures
Open-book or open-note tests Simplified test wording; rephrased test questions and/or directions

General Modifications
Allow outlining, instead of writing for an essay or major project Projects instead of written reports
Use of alternative books or materials on the topic being studied Highlighting important words or phrases in reading assignments
Computerized spell-check support Modified workload or length of assignments/tests
Word bank of choices for answers to test questions Modified time demands
Provision of calculator and/or number line for math tests Pass/no pass option
Film or video supplements in place of reading text Modified grades based on IEP
Reworded questions in simpler language

Behavior modifications:
Breaks between tasks Use peer supports and mentoring
Cue expected behavior Model expected behavior by adults
Daily feedback to student Have parent sign homework
Have contingency plans Have parent sign behavior chart
Use de-escalating strategies Set and post class rules
Use positive reinforcement Chart progress and maintain data
Use proximity/touch control