When Hurtful Cliques Happen to Kids with LD
by Leonard Felder, Ph.D.
Has your child ever been excluded or mistreated because he was different from the powerful insiders at school? If so, he’s not alone.
Research shows that highly creative students with learning differences are far more likely to be excluded or teased than other students. As if being singled out isn’t bad enough, the majority of these kids don’t know how to respond effectively when they find themselves the victims of verbal abuse or rude treatment. While you may not be able to prevent all harassment, there are actions you can take that will help empower your child to manage and minimize teasing, bullying and being ostracized by others.
Change the Culture
Make sure he has the support and teamwork he deserves. Although his first inclination may be to lash back at those who are part of a group that is being snobby, rude, or verbally abusive, studies show it’s extremely awkward and usually ineffective to try to handle it on his own.
If a popular clique is saying vicious things or making life miserable, it only makes matters worse to throw a fit or sulk in front of these verbally abusive individuals.
The best response is to appear cool, strong, and self-confident as he walks past his teasers. Suggest your child try saying something non-provocative such as, “Good morning” or “Hey, what’s up.” If the verbal abuse continues, he must ask for support from a friend, teacher, counselor, staff member, parent, or even from a member of the local school board.
Studies show the most effective antidote to nasty, cliquish behavior is a systematic, school-wide, consistently reinforced “Zero Tolerance” policy for verbal abuse. Being an advocate for such a policy in your child’s school can have an impact that goes well beyond his tenure there.
Encourage your child to stop seeking clique membership and, instead, build healthy “shared interest allies.” Rather than focusing on the unpleasant individuals who are acting snobby or gossiping, it will be empowering for your child to realize she doesn’t need those mean girls to be her friends.
For a young child, start by setting up a playdate with someone you know shares her interests or hobbies. For an older child offer the opportunity to get together for a fun activity. Simply identify the movies, plays, music events, video games, amusement parks, creative projects, or outdoor adventures that bring out your child’s best qualities. Then make a list of open-minded kids who enjoy those same activities and reach out one at a time until there are one or more events your child can look forward to in the upcoming weeks.
Instead of waiting anxiously for the popular group to start including her, it’s better to reframe the high-status clique as a suspect group of anxious strivers who feel good about themselves only when they are teasing or excluding others. By setting up a few one-on-one or small group successes with those who are not required to swear allegiance to the most unfriendly kids at school, your child will build reliable and long-lasting friendships.
For example, Alan is a creative and impulsive student who struggles with math and reading. Yet he’s fun to be with when he goes to museums, music events, multicultural festivals, and amusement parks. So instead of continually being shunned by the snobby clique at his school, Alan and his family began setting up highly enjoyable playdates and planned events with two or three other kids who were unconventional, fun, and energetic like Alan. Within a few months, Alan’s circle of creative outsiders who reliably said yes to invitations had grown to four kids and his weekends were consistently packed with activities in which two, three, or more kids got together for unforgettable adventures.
Help your child to recognize that the most innovative, creative, and successful individuals also were excluded from cliques during their school years. If you study the early years of many great entrepreneurs and artists such as Bill Gates (Microsoft), Macy Gray (singer-songwriter), Antonio Villaraigosa (Los Angeles mayor), Charles Schwab (finance entrepreneur), Robert Rauschenberg (artist), Elisabeth Kubler-Ross (holistic medicine), Bernie Mac, Dustin Hoffman, Edward James Olmos, and Keira Knightley (actors with LD), and Betty Friedan (the founder of the women’s equality movement), you will find that they too were excluded from the popular cliques at their schools because they were “different” and unable to fit in.
Yet these resilient and persistent individuals achieved great success as adults and impacted the world in positive ways because they were able to turn their unique outsider perspective into an asset. Point out those lessons to your child and suggest that instead of berating himself for not easily fitting in with the narrow-minded cliques, the experience of being an insightful outsider and a true original is preparing him to do something important later in life.
Recruit a Go-To Person
Help your child seek out a mentor, friend or family member other than you who will consistently remind her of her strengths and unique gifts. Have her check in weekly or monthly for a conversation by phone, email or in person with someone who truly understands the progress she is making and can talk to her about her assets and interests.
Knowing that there are people who appreciate her will help to immunize your child against the teasing comments and nasty exclusions from school cliques. On tough days when she feels the brunt of their bad behavior, encourage her to call or write a “please keep this secret” email or text message to someone in her support circle along the lines of, “Hey, do I have any redeeming qualities I should know about? I just got slimed by one of the nasty clones from the popular clique at my school and I’ve forgotten for a moment who I am.”
The simple act of sending out this private message to someone she can trust will begin the healing process. Then when her knowledgeable mentor, friend, or family member offers details about why they prefer your child’s strengths and good qualities over the cruelty and pettiness of the clique members, she will be able to get back on track toward achieving her goals and dreams.
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